Articles by Rick Glawson
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/ Material Safety Data Sheet for Hydroflouric Acid
HMIS_Msds/WEB/wcd00081/wcd08102.htm (14 hits) Source
Hydrofluoric Acid, P.A. 48 to 51% HF Content ACROS96155
**** SECTION 1 - CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
MSDS Name: Hydrofluoric Acid, P.A. 48 to 51% HF Content
AC223330000, AC223330250, AC223335000
Fluohydric Acid, Fluoric Acid, Hydrofluoric Acid Solution.
Company Identification (Europe): Acros Organics N.V.
Janssen Pharmaceuticalaan 3a
2440 Geel, Belgium
Company Identification (USA): Acros Organics
One Reagent Lane
Fairlawn, NJ 07410
For information in North America, call: 800-ACROS-01
For information in Europe, call: 0032(0) 14575211
For emergencies in the US, call CHEMTREC: 800-424-9300
For emergencies in Europe, call: 0032(0) 14575299
**** SECTION 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
| CAS# | Chemical Name | % | EINECS# |
| 7664-39-3 |Hydrofluoric acid | 48-51% | 231-634-8 |
| 7732-18-5 |Water | Balance | 231-791-2 |
Hazard Symbols: T+ C
Risk Phrases: 26/27/28 35
**** SECTION 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION ****
Appearance: clear, colorless.
Danger! Harmful if inhaled. Corrosive. Toxic. May cause kidney
damage. Causes severe eye and skin burns. Causes severe digestive and
respiratory tract burns. May cause skeletal abnormalities.
Target Organs: Kidneys, skeletal structures.
Potential Health Effects
Contact with liquid or vapor causes severe burns and possible
irreversible eye damage.
May be fatal if absorbed through the skin. Causes severe burns with
delayed tissue destruction. Substance is rapidly absorbed through
the skin. Penetration may continue for several days. Causes severe
tissue necrosis and bone destruction.
Causes severe digestive tract burns with abdominal pain, vomiting,
and possible death. May cause systemic toxic effects on the heart,
liver, and kidneys. Ingestion of large amounts of fluoride may
include salivation, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, labored
breathing. Inorganic fluorides can be harmful. Acute exposure to
fluorine compounds can lead to digestive tract burns, and abdominal
pain. Exposure to fluoride compounds can result in systemic toxic
effects on the heart, liver, and kidneys. It may also deplete
calcium levels in the body leading to hypocalcemia and death.
Contains fluoride. Human fatalities have been reported from acute
poisoning. Fluoride can reduce calcium levels leading to fatal
Harmful if inhaled. May cause severe irritation of the upper
respiratory tract with pain, burns, and inflammation. May cause
pulmonary edema and severe respiratory disturbances. Depletes calcium
levels in the body which can lead to hypocalcemia and death.
Chronic inhalation and ingestion may cause fluorosis with skeletal
abnormalities. Repeated inhalation may cause chronic bronchitis.
Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause permanent bone structure
abnormalities. Chronic exposure to fluoride compounds may cause
**** SECTION 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES ****
Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes
closed. Eye exposure may be treated by irrigation with 1% calcium
gluconate drops after immediate and copious irrigation with water for
at least 30 minutes. Spills of HF should be flushed for a MAXIMUM of
Wash clothing before reuse. Discard contaminated clothing in a
manner which limits further exposure. Destroy contaminated shoes. For
exposures to hydrofluoric acid concentrations less than 20%, liberal
and frequent applications of a 2.5% calcium gluoconate gel may be
applied. SPEEDY ACTION IS CRITICAL, GET MEDICAL AID IMMEDIATELY.
Spills of HF should be flushed for a MAXIMUM of 5 minutes.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4
cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an
unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. SPEED IS ESSENTIAL.
A DOCTOR MUST BE NOTIFIED AT ONCE.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing,
give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. SPEED IS ESSENTIAL, OBTAIN
MEDICAL AID IMMEDIATELY.
Notes to Physician:
Due to delayed and persistent symptoms, observe patient closely for
48 hours. Prompt action is essential in all cases of contact.
The use of Calcium gluconate to precipitate the oxalate should be
determined by only qualified medical personnel. Always have calcium
gluconate gel on hand. The use of infilitration therapy and
intraarterial therapy for hydrofluoric acid burns resulting from
concentrations greater than 20% should be made by qualified medical
**** SECTION 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES ****
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in
pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full
protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases
may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Reacts with
most metals to form highly flammable hydrogen gas which can form
explosive mixtures with air. Containers may explode in the heat of a
fire. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the
ground and collect in low or confined areas. Contact with metals may
evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Non-combustible, substance itself does
not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce irritating,
corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Substance is
nonflammable; use agent most appropriate to extinguish surrounding
fire. Do NOT get water inside containers. For large fires, use water
spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Do NOT use straight streams of
water. For small fires, use carbon dioxide, dry chemical, dry sand,
or alcohol-resistant foam.
**** SECTION 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES ****
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment
in Section 8.
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways.
Wear a self contained breathing apparatus and appropriate Personal
protection. (See Exposure Controls, Personal Protection section).
Neutralize spill with sodium bicarbonate. Use water spray to disperse
the gas/vapor. Remove all sources of ignition. Absorb spill using an
absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand, or
vermiculite. Provide ventilation.
**** SECTION 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE ****
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and
wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Do not breathe
dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on
clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not allow contact with
water. Discard contaminated shoes. Use caution when opening.
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible
substances. Corrosives area. Do not store in metal or glass
**** SECTION 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
Use process enclosure, local exhaust ventilation, or other
engineering controls to control airborne levels below recommended
exposure limits. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should
be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower.
| Chemical Name | ACGIH | NIOSH |OSHA - Final PELs|
| Hydrofluoric acid |as F: 2.5 mg/m3 |as F: 3 ppm TWA; |3 ppm TWA |
| |TWA (listed | 2.5 mg/m3 TWA | |
| | under ** no name |as F: 30 ppm IDLH | |
| |**).; as F: C 3 | | |
| |ppm | | |
| Water |none listed |none listed |none listed |
OSHA Vacated PELs:
as F: 3 ppm TWA
No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical
safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face
protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin
Wear a chemical apron. Wear appropriate protective
clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR
1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a
NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator
**** SECTION 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES ****
Physical State: Liquid
Appearance: clear, colorless
Odor: strong odor
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Vapor Density: 2.21 (Air=1).
Evaporation Rate: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 66.1 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -71 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: Not available.
NFPA Rating: Not published.
Explosion Limits, Lower: Not available.
Upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility: Soluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.2 (Water=1).
Molecular Formula: HF
Molecular Weight: 20.0054
**** SECTION 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY ****
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage
and handling conditions.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, metals.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Substance is incompatible with over 35 specific chemicals. Please
refer to the NFPA Fire Protection Guide for specifics.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Irritating and toxic fumes and gases, hydrogen fluoride, fluoride
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
**** SECTION 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION ****
CAS# 7664-39-3: MW7875000
CAS# 7732-18-5: ZC0110000
CAS# 7664-39-3: Inhalation, mouse: LC50 =342 ppm/1H; Inhalation,
rat: LC50 =1276 ppm/1H.
CAS# 7732-18-5: Oral, rat: LD50 =>90 mL/kg.
Hydrofluoric acid -
ACGIH: As F: A4 - Not Classifiable as a Human Carcinogen (listed
IARC: Group 3 carcinogen (listed as ** undefined **).
Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
No information available.
No information available.
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration: Inhalation, Rodent -
rat: 470 ug/m3/4H : female 1-22 day(s) after conception.
No information available.
Cytogenetic analysis: Inhalation, Rodent - rat: 1 mg/m3/6H/24D
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
**** SECTION 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION ****
Fish (fresh water) 60 ppm lethal (time period not specified).
**** SECTION 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS ****
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded
chemical is classif
as a hazardous waste.
US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40
Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous
ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: CAS# 7664-39-3: waste number U134;
(Corrosive waste, Toxic waste).
**** SECTION 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION ****
Shipping Name: HYDROFLUORIC ACID
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 1790
Packing Group: II
Shipping Name: HYDROFLUORIC ACID
Hazard Class: 8(6.1)(9.2)
UN Number: UN1790
**** SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION ****
CAS# 7664-39-3 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
CAS# 7664-39-3: 4a/12b
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
Section 302 (RQ)
CAS# 7664-39-3: final RQ = 100 pounds (45.4 kg)
Section 302 (TPQ)
CAS# 7664-39-3: TPQ = 100 pounds; RQ = 100 pounds
CAS # 7664-39-3: acute, chronic.
This material contains Hydrofluoric acid (CAS# 7664-39-3, 48
51%),which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313
of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 372.
Clean Air Act:
CAS# 7664-39-3 is listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP).
This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 7664-39-3 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority
Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants
under the CWA.
CAS# 7664-39-3 is considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
Hydrofluoric acid can be found on the following state right to know
lists: California, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Minnesota,
Water is not present on state lists from CA, PA, MN, MA, FL, or NJ.
California No Significant Risk Level:
None of the chemicals in this product are listed.
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T+ C
R 26/27/28 Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with
skin and if swallowed.
R 35 Causes severe burns.
S 7/9 Keep container tightly closed and in a
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 7664-39-3: 1
CAS# 7732-18-5: No information available.
United Kingdom Occupational Exposure Limits
CAS# 7664-39-3: OES-United Kingdom, TWA (listed as ** undefined
**): as F: 2.5 mg/m3 TWA
CAS# 7664-39-3: OES-United Kingdom, STEL as F: 3 ppm STEL; 2.5 mg/m3
CAS# 7664-39-3 is listed on Canada's DSL/NDSL List.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on Canada's DSL/NDSL List.
This product has a WHMIS classification of D1A, E.
CAS# 7664-39-3 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 7664-39-3: OEL-ARAB Republic of Egypt:TWA 2 ppm (2 mg/m3)
OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 3 ppm (2.5 mg/m3)
OEL-BELGIUM:STEL 3 ppm (2.6 mg/m3)
OEL-CZECHOSLOVAKIA:TWA 1 mg/m3;STEL 1 mg/m3
OEL-DENMARK:TWA 2 ppm (1.6 mg/m3)
OEL-FINLAND:STEL 6 ppm;Skin
OEL-FRANCE:STEL 3 ppm (2.5 mg/m3)
OEL-GERMANY:TWA 3 ppm (2 mg/m3)
OEL-HUNGARY:TWA 0.5 mg/m3;STEL 1 mg/m3
OEL-JAPAN:TWA 3 ppm (25 mg/m3)
OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 3 ppm (2 mg/m3)
OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 3 ppm (2 mg/m3)
OEL-POLAND:TWA 0.5 mg/m3
OEL-RUSSIA:TWA 3 ppm (0.1 mg/m3);STEL 0.5 mg/m3
OEL-SWEDEN:STEL 2 ppm (1.7 mg/m3)
OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 1.8 ppm (1.5 mg/m3);STEL 3.6 ppm (3 mg/m3)
OEL-TURKEY:TWA 3 ppm (2 mg/m3)
OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 3 ppm (2.5 mg/m3);STEL 6 ppm (5 mg/m3)
OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV
OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGI TLV
**** SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ****
MSDS Creation Date: 2/19/1998 Revision #4 Date: 8/02/2000
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents
information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of
merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect
such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users
should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the
information for their particular purposes. In no way shall the company
liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost
profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary
damages, howsoever arising, even if the company has been advised of
the possibility of such damages.
Outline by Larry White / Articles by Rick
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